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Pediatric Neurology

This section considers studies on neurological, psychiatric, behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

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  1. Alternating of Childhood (AHC) is an uncommon and complex disorder characterized by age of onset before 18 months with recurrent hemiplegia of one or either sides of the body or quadriplegia. The disorder is m...

    Authors: Piero Pavone, Xena Giada Pappalardo, Naira Mustafa, Sung Yoon Cho, Dong Kyu Jin, Gemma Incorpora, Raffaele Falsaperla, Simona Domenica Marino, Giovanni Corsello, Enrico Parano and Martino Ruggieri
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:29
  2. Variegate Porphyria (VP) is an inherited rare disorder that is caused by mutations in the protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPOX) gene. This deficiency is associated with the accumulation of porphyrins and porphyrin pr...

    Authors: Mohammad Vafaee-Shahi, Saeide Ghasemi, Aina Riahi and Zahra Sadr
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:27
  3. Since the first months of 2020, Italy and the world have been facing the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to the dangerous and potentially deadly effects on physical health, it has caused a radical change in the...

    Authors: Michela Gatta, Alessia Raffagnato, Federica Mason, Rachele Fasolato, Annalisa Traverso, Silvia Zanato and Marina Miscioscia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:23
  4. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease in preterm infants with significant morbidities, including neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI). This study aimed to investigate whether NEC is associate...

    Authors: Jong Ho Cha, Jung-Sun Lim, Yong Hun Jang, Jae Kyoon Hwang, Jae Yoon Na, Jong-Min Lee, Hyun Ju Lee and Ja-Hye Ahn
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:6
  5. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is an infrequent condition of childhood, and is extremely rare in infants, with only 26 cases described. The etiology is still unknown. Typical clinical manifestations chan...

    Authors: Francesco Del Monte, Laura Bucchino, Antonia Versace, Irene Tardivo, Emanuele Castagno, Giovanni Pieri, Giulia Pilloni, Enrico Felici and Antonio Francesco Urbino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:3
  6. The aim of the study is to determine that Glycopirrolate is safe and effective in decreasing drooling in children with medical complexity under 3 years of age. Medical treatment is based on anticholinergic dru...

    Authors: Eleonora Lovardi, Maria Antonietta De Ioris, Donatella Lettori, Caterina Geremia, Susanna Staccioli, Gessica Della Bella, Raffaella Scrocca, Alessia Scarselli, Marcella Aversa, Francesco De Peppo, Andrea Campana and Enrico Castelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:2
  7. Studies on the application of developmental care initiatives in Italian NICUs are rather scarce. We aimed to assess parental access to the NICUs and facilities offered to the family members and to test “the st...

    Authors: Claudia Artese, Fabrizio Ferrari, Silvia Perugi, Paola Cavicchioli, Giuseppe Paterlini and Fabio Mosca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:231
  8. Neuromuscular diseases include a large group of heterogeneous and rare pathologies that affect different components of the motor unit. It is essential to optimize resources to know the prevalence of comorbidit...

    Authors: J. A. Gascón-Navarro, M. J. De La Torre-Aguilar, J. A. Fernández-Ramos, J. Torres-Borrego and J. L. Pérez-Navero
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:228
  9. Describe the efficacy of a galenic glycopyrrolate formulation and its impact on patients with sialorrhea Quality of Life (QoL), including costs analysis.

    Authors: Davide Zanon, Cristina Tumminelli, Anna Maria Chiara Galimberti, Lucio Torelli, Alessandra Maestro, Egidio Barbi and Natalia Maximova
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:222
  10. The lives of many children and adolescents are today increasingly influenced by new technological devices, including smartphones. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic occurred in a time of outstand...

    Authors: Gregorio Serra, Lucia Lo Scalzo, Mario Giuffrè, Pietro Ferrara and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:150
  11. Eating epilepsy (EE) is a form of reflex epilepsy in which seizures are triggered by eating. It is a rare condition but a high prevalence has been reported in Sri Lanka. In EE, the ictal semiology includes foc...

    Authors: Fabiana Vercellino, Laura Siri, Giacomo Brisca, Marcello Scala, Antonella Riva, Mariasavina Severino and Pasquale Striano
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:137
  12. Measures to contain the Covid-19 pandemic led to significant lifestyle changes for children and adolescents mainly related to the closure of schools and recreational activities, reduced social interaction, and...

    Authors: Arianna Dondi, Anna Fetta, Jacopo Lenzi, Francesca Morigi, Egidio Candela, Alessandro Rocca, Duccio Maria Cordelli and Marcello Lanari
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:130
  13. To describe clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, radiological data and outcome of pediatric cases with SARS-CoV-2 infection complicated by neurological involvement.

    Authors: L. Siracusa, A. Cascio, S. Giordano, A. A. Medaglia, G. A. Restivo, I. Pirrone, G. F. Saia, F. Collura and C. Colomba
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:123
  14. Stunting is a critical public health problem of developing countries like Ethiopia. Different interventions like irrigation activity have been carried out by the government of Ethiopia to improve the nutrition...

    Authors: Balew Sema, Muluken Azage and Mulat Tirfie
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:102
  15. Several studies have shown that during COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, emotional symptoms increased in the general population. Less is known about youths.

    Authors: Simone Pisano, Gennaro Catone, Antonella Gritti, Luisa Almerico, Anna Pezzella, Pia Santangelo, Carmela Bravaccio, Raffaella Iuliano and Vincenzo Paolo Senese
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:86
  16. Autism spectrum disorder is a complex condition with wide variation in type and severity that involves persistent challenges in social interaction, speech and nonverbal communication, restricted/repetitive beh...

    Authors: Magda Di Renzo, Federico Bianchi di Castelbianco, Villani Alberto, Del Vecchio Antonio, Corsello Giovanni, Elena Vanadia, Massimiliano Petrillo, Trapolino Davide, Lidia Racinaro and Monica Rea
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:67
  17. Potential overlaps exist between psychopathological features of Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The impact of malnutrition on autistic traits in patients with AN should be considered....

    Authors: Jacopo Pruccoli, Altea Solari, Letizia Terenzi, Elisabetta Malaspina, Marida Angotti, Veronica Pignataro, Paola Gualandi, Leonardo Sacrato, Duccio Maria Cordelli, Emilio Franzoni and Antonia Parmeggiani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:59
  18. Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS), also known as 22q13.3 deletion syndrome, is a rare neurodevelopmental syndrome resulting from a deletion of the distal long arm of chromosome 22.

    Authors: Rui Jin Xie, Tian Xiao Li, Chenyu Sun, Ce Cheng, Jinlin Zhao, Hua Xu and Yueying Liu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:49

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:89

  19. Positional plagiocephaly (PP) is a cranial deformation frequent amongst children and consisting in a flattened and asymmetrical head shape. PP is associated with excessive time in supine and with congenital mu...

    Authors: Iñaki Pastor-Pons, César Hidalgo-García, María Orosia Lucha-López, Marta Barrau-Lalmolda, Iñaki Rodes-Pastor, Ángel Luis Rodríguez-Fernández and José Miguel Tricás-Moreno
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:41
  20. Post-Infectious Neurological Syndromes (PINS) are heterogeneous neurological disorders with post or para-infectious onset. PINS diagnosis is complex, mainly related to the absence of any recognized guidelines ...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Giulia Spina, Massimiliano Valeriani, Laura Papetti, Fabiana Ursitti, Rino Agostiniani, Cristina Mascolo, Margherita Ruggiero, Chiara Di Camillo, Anna Quondamcarlo, Luigi Matera, Davide Vecchio, Luigi Memo and Alberto Villani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:17
  21. Suicide attempts and self-harm in adolescence are a major public health concern: they are among the main causes of disability-adjusted life-years worldwide, with severe long-term health consequences in terms o...

    Authors: Caterina Zanus, Sara Battistutta, Renata Aliverti, Lorenzo Monasta, Marcella Montico, Luca Ronfani and Marco Carrozzi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:14
  22. Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency is a rare and underdiagnosed neurometabolic disorder resulting in a complex neurological and non-neurological phenotype, posing diagnostic challenges resul...

    Authors: Carlo Fusco, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Pasquale Striano, Roberta Battini, Alberto Burlina and Carlotta Spagnoli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:13
  23. The literature agrees on the impact of post-traumatic stress symptoms in parents of seriously ill children but there is less clarity about the real extent and gender differences of this psychopathological risk...

    Authors: Martina Corsi, Alessandro Orsini, Virginia Pedrinelli, Andrea Santangelo, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Niccolò Carli, Rodolfo Buselli, Diego Peroni, Pasquale Striano, Liliana Dell’Osso and Claudia Carmassi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:8
  24. Mitochondrial diseases, also known as oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disorders, with a prevalence rate of 1:5000, are the most frequent inherited metabolic diseases. Leigh Syndrome French Canadian type (LS...

    Authors: Ettore Piro, Gregorio Serra, Vincenzo Antona, Mario Giuffrè, Elisa Giorgio, Fabio Sirchia, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Alfredo Brusco and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:140
  25. For a number of persons with rare diseases (RDs) a definite diagnosis remains undiscovered with relevant physical, psychological and social consequences. Undiagnosed RDs (URDs) require other than specialised c...

    Authors: Marco Salvatore, Agata Polizzi, Maria Chiara De Stefano, Giovanna Floridia, Simone Baldovino, Dario Roccatello, Savino Sciascia, Elisa Menegatti, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Erica Daina, Paraskevas Iatropoulos, Bruno Bembi, Rosalia Maria Da Riol, Alessandra Ferlini, Marcella Neri, Giuseppe Novelli…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:130
  26. Anticipatory guidance for parents is commonly used to improve parenting skills. The objective of this pre/post-intervention controlled study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a periodic newsletter with advi...

    Authors: Costantino Panza, Alessandro Volta, Serena Broccoli, Laura Bonvicini, Sally Kendall, Maddalena Marchesi and Paolo Giorgi Rossi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:123
  27. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in children is a rare but potentially fatal complication of acute mastoiditis, one of the most common pediatric infectious diseases. Due to its subtle clinical presentation, su...

    Authors: Massimo Luca Castellazzi, Giada Maria di Pietro, Michele Gaffuri, Sara Torretta, Giorgio Conte, Francesco Folino, Sebastiano Aleo, Samantha Bosis and Paola Marchisio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:122
  28. Disruptive behavior can have lifetime consequences for youth. Prevention, early identification and treatment of disruptive behavior can improve outcomes for these youth. The purpose of the present study was to...

    Authors: Marzieh Araban, Ali Montazeri, L. A. R. Stein, Mahmood Karimy and Ali Asghar Haeri Mehrizi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:85
  29. Aim of this retrospective study was to describe clinical characteristics, diagnostic work-up, management and follow-up of newborns with neural tube defects (NTDs), admitted to the Mother and Child Department o...

    Authors: Ettore Piro, Gregorio Serra, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Mario Giuffrè and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:72
  30. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cbl) deficiency in children is rare and may occurs in exclusively breast fed infants of mothers on vegetarian or vegan diet with lack of appropriate supplementation. The clinical manifesta...

    Authors: Cezary Dubaj, Katarzyna Czyż and Wanda Furmaga-Jabłońska
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:40
  31. Seizures in individuals affected by tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) commonly develop in the first year of life, are often preceded by a progressive deterioration of the electroencephalogram (EEG), and likely ...

    Authors: M. N. Savini, A. Mingarelli, A. Peron, F. La Briola, F. Cervi, R. M. Alfano, M. P. Canevini and A. Vignoli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:36
  32. CDKL5-related disorders (CDD) is an epileptic encephalopathy resulted of gene mutations of CDKL5. This study aimed to explore the development process of CDD and to expand its mutation spectrum.

    Authors: Yumei Yan, Dake He, Jing Wu, Ruolin Hou, Kun Sun and Ling Li
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:27
  33. The survival of preterm babies has increased worldwide, but the risk of neuro-developmental disabilities remains high, which is of concern to both the public and professionals. The early identification of chil...

    Authors: Licia Lugli, Marisa Pugliese, Carlotta Plessi, Alberto Berardi, Isotta Guidotti, Gina Ancora, Sara Grandi, Giancarlo Gargano, Silvia Braibanti, Fabrizio Sandri, Silvia Soffritti, Elisa Ballardini, Vittoria Arena, Marcello Stella, Serafina Perrone, Sabrina Moretti…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:26
  34. The pathophysiological etiologies related with the development of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) remain controversial. Different authors have studied neurotoxins such as mercury (Hg) and their relationship wi...

    Authors: Fernando Gil-Hernández, Antonio R. Gómez-Fernández, María Josede la Torre-Aguilar, Juan L. Pérez-Navero, Katherine Flores-Rojas, Pilar Martín-Borreguero and Mercedes Gil-Campos
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:19
  35. The aims of the study were to determine the effects of electronic exposure on behaviors of preschoolers, which could provide scientific grounds to the control of digital screen time and usage of electronics.

    Authors: Guodong Xie, Qianye Deng, Jing Cao and Qing Chang
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:9
  36. Inherited retinal dystrophies are major cause of severe progressive vision loss in children. Early recognition and diagnosis are essential for timely visual rehabilitation during the appropriate stages of the ...

    Authors: Agnese Suppiej, Silvia Marino, Maria Eleonora Reffo, Veronica Maritan, Giovanna Vitaliti, Janette Mailo and Raffaele Falsaperla
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:168
  37. Premature thelarche (PT) is a benevolent ailment affecting young girls. Multiple factors are reported to correlate with this condition, but the mechanisms responsible for the onset of PT have not yet been full...

    Authors: Yueqin Xu, Yan Li, Shuang Liang and Guimei Li
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:166
  38. Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by impairment in social interaction and communication along with repetitive, restricted, and stereotyped behaviors, interests and activities. It is important to detect...

    Authors: Antonia Parmeggiani, Arianna Corinaldesi and Annio Posar
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:144
  39. Around the age of 6 months, difficulties in settling to sleep and frequent night awakenings are generally occurring in 20 to 30% of infants. According to the transactional model parental factors can play a sig...

    Authors: Benedetta Ragni, Simona De Stasio, Daniela Barni, Simonetta Gentile and Rosaria Giampaolo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:134
  40. Aim of the study is to intercept specific characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in Down Syndrome (DS). The study describes the distribution and the age of specific aspects of behavioral phenotype in a sa...

    Authors: M. Marino, I. Scala, O. Scicolone, P. Strisciuglio and C. Bravaccio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:92
  41. The purpose of this report was to present the results of eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy associated with parent management training (PMT) in a child with paediatric autoimmune neur...

    Authors: Cristiana A. Guido, Anna Maria Zicari, Marzia Duse and Alberto Spalice
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:74
  42. Bullying is one of the most common expressions of violence in the peer context during school years. This study investigates the prevalence of bullying and the short-term effects on students’ bullying perceptio...

    Authors: Claudio Costantino, Alessandra Casuccio, Claudia Marotta, Stefania Enza Bono, Gianmarco Ventura, Walter Mazzucco, Francesco Vitale and Vincenzo Restivo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:65
  43. Epidemiological studies worldwide indicate that teenagers are at risk of internalizing and externalizing problems that persist into adulthood. In our country, there are few epidemiological studies on adolescen...

    Authors: Martina Smorti, Annarita Milone, José Gonzalez Gonzalez and Giovanni Vitali Rosati
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:62
  44. Migraine is one of the most prevalent chronic pain manifestations of childhood. Despite the multitude of available treatments, parents are often concerned about chronic therapies and pediatricians have insuffi...

    Authors: Filomena Moscano, Michela Guiducci, Lucia Maltoni, Pasquale Striano, Maria Giuseppina Ledda, Francesco Zoroddu, Umberto Raucci, Maria Pia Villa and Pasquale Parisi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:36

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