Neurology, Behaviour and Development

This section considers studies on neurological, psychiatric, behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

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  1. Review

    Stroke and migraine is there a possible comorbidity?

    The association between migraine and stroke is still a dilemma for neurologists. Migraine is associated with an increased stroke risk and it is considered an independent risk factor for ischaemic stroke in a p...

    Alberto Spalice, Francesca Del Balzo, Laura Papetti, Anna Maria Zicari, Enrico Properzi, Francesca Occasi, Francesco Nicita and Marzia Duse

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:41

    Published on: 26 April 2016

  2. Research

    New insights in the interpretation of array-CGH: autism spectrum disorder and positive family history for intellectual disability predict the detection of pathogenic variants

    Array-CGH (aCGH) is presently used into routine clinical practice for diagnosis of patients with intellectual disability (ID), multiple congenital anomalies (MCA), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ACGH coul...

    Gerarda Cappuccio, Francesco Vitiello, Alberto Casertano, Paolo Fontana, Rita Genesio, Dario Bruzzese, Virginia Maria Ginocchio, Angela Mormile, Lucio Nitsch, Generoso Andria and Daniela Melis

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:39

    Published on: 12 April 2016

  3. Research

    Serum and CSF adiponectin, leptin, and interleukin 6 levels as adipocytokines in Egyptian children with febrile seizures: a cross-sectional study

    A febrile seizure (FS) is the most common convulsive disorder in children. Activation of cytokine network is involved in FS pathogenesis. Adiponectin, leptin and IL-6 are the major adipocytokines secreted by fat ...

    Seham F. Azab, Mohamed A. Abdalhady, Mohamed A. A. Almalky, Ezzat K. Amin, Dina T. Sarhan, Eman M. Elhindawy, Mayy A. N. Allah, Ahmed A. Elhewala, Mohamed M. A. Salam, Mustafa I. A. Hashem, Attia A. Soliman, Nagwa E. Akeel, Sawsan H. Abdellatif, Nahla A. Elsamad, Anwar A. Rass and Manal S. Arafat

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:38

    Published on: 12 April 2016

  4. Research

    Interleukin-6 gene polymorphisms in Egyptian children with febrile seizures: a case–control study

    Febrile seizures are the most common form of childhood seizures. Among pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-6 is the key acute-phase cytokine. To date, only a few studies concerned the association of interl...

    Seham F. Azab, Mohamed A. Abdalhady, Alshaymaa Ali, Ezzat K. Amin, Dina T. Sarhan, Eman M. Elhindawy, Mohamed A. A. Almalky, Ahmed A. Elhewala, Mohamed M. A. Salam, Mustafa I. A. Hashem, Attia A. Soliman, Nagwa E. Akeel, Sawsan H. Abdellatif, Sanaa M. Ismail, Nahla A. Elsamad, Manal S. Arafat…

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:31

    Published on: 9 March 2016

  5. Case report

    Management of bronchial secretions with Free Aspire in children with cerebral palsy: impact on clinical outcomes and healthcare resources

    Management of secretions in children with cerebral palsy is often problematic due to severe deformation of the rib cage, impaired cough, and patients’inability to collaborate with chest physiotherapy. Assessin...

    Giancarlo Garuti, Elisa Verucchi, Isabella Fanelli, Michele Giovannini, Joao Carlos Winck and Mirco Lusuardi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:7

    Published on: 20 January 2016

  6. Case report

    From hypertransaminasemia to mucopolysaccharidosis IIIA

    Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III; Sanfilippo syndrome) is a metabolic disorder characterized by the deficiency of a lysosomal enzyme catalyzing the catabolic pathway of heparan sulphate. MPS III present...

    Paulina Krawiec, Elżbieta Pac-Kożuchowska, Beata Mełges, Agnieszka Mroczkowska-Juchkiewicz, Stanisław Skomra, Agnieszka Pawłowska-Kamieniak and Katarzyna Kominek

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:97

    Published on: 2 December 2014

  7. Case report

    Acute post-infectious cerebellar ataxia due to co-infection of human herpesvirus-6 and adenovirus mimicking myositis

    Acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA) is a relatively common neurological disease in children. Most common types of ACA are acute post-infectious (APCA) and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). Less common but...

    Aldo Naselli, Giovanna Pala, Federico Cresta, Martina Finetti, Roberta Biancheri and Salvatore Renna

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:98

    Published on: 26 November 2014

  8. Review

    Hydranencephaly: cerebral spinal fluid instead of cerebral mantles

    The authors report a wide and updated revision of hydranencephaly, including a literature review, and present the case of a patient affected by this condition, still alive at 36 months.

    Piero Pavone, Andrea D Praticò, Giovanna Vitaliti, Martino Ruggieri, Renata Rizzo, Enrico Parano, Lorenzo Pavone, Giuseppe Pero and Raffaele Falsaperla

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:79

    Published on: 18 October 2014

  9. Research

    Acute cerebellitis in varicella: a ten year case series and systematic review of the literature

    Acute cerebellitis (AC) is the most common neurological complication of varicella. Nevertheless, it has been scarcely studied. The objective of this study were to asses the occurrence of AC among children hosp...

    Elena Bozzola, Mauro Bozzola, Alberto Eugenio Tozzi, Valeria Calcaterra, Daniela Longo, Andrzej Krzystofiak and Alberto Villani

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:57

    Published on: 19 June 2014

  10. Research

    Epidemiological study on behavioural and emotional problems in developmental age: prevalence in a sample of Italian children, based on parent and teacher reports

    The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of behavioural and emotional problems in a sample of school children living in Campania, a region of South Italy.

    Antonella Gritti, Carmela Bravaccio, Simona Signoriello, Filomena Salerno, Simone Pisano, Gennaro Catone, Ciro Gallo and Antonio Pascotto

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:19

    Published on: 18 February 2014

  11. Research

    Psychotherapy versus usual care in pediatric migraine and tension-type headache: a single-blind controlled pilot study

    Despite growing interest in psychotherapy in child and adolescent headache, efficacy studies in this research field have focused mainly on cognitive-behavioral therapies. Whereas relaxation and cognitive-behav...

    Umberto Balottin, Matteo Ferri, Michela Racca, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Ettore Beghi, Matteo Chiappedi and Cristiano Termine

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:6

    Published on: 20 January 2014

  12. Case report

    Focal epilepsy with ictal abdominal pain: a case report

    Focal epilepsy with ictal abdominal pain is an unusual partial epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal episodes of abdominal or visceral pain, disturbance of awareness and electroencephalographic abnormalities. W...

    Caterina Cerminara, Nadia El Malhany, Denis Roberto and Paolo Curatolo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:76

    Published on: 9 December 2013

  13. Case report

    A case of meningitis due to varicella zoster virus reactivation in an immunocompetent child

    The development of neurological complications due to varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation is relatively uncommon, particularly in the case of immunocompetent patients. Only a few cases have been described...

    Susanna Esposito, Samantha Bosis, Raffaella Pinzani, Laura Morlacchi, Laura Senatore and Nicola Principi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:72

    Published on: 13 November 2013

  14. Review

    Is mTOR inhibition a systemic treatment for tuberous sclerosis?

    Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic multisystem disorder characterized by the development of hamartomas in several organs. Mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 tumor suppressor genes determin overactivatio...

    Romina Moavero, Antonella Coniglio, Francesco Garaci and Paolo Curatolo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:57

    Published on: 17 September 2013

  15. Research

    Antiepileptic drugs and breastfeeding

    This review provides a synopsis for clinicians on the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in the breastfeeding mother.

    Riccardo Davanzo, Sara Dal Bo, Jenny Bua, Marco Copertino, Elisa Zanelli and Lorenza Matarazzo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:50

    Published on: 28 August 2013

  16. Commentary

    Neonatal seizures therapy: we are still looking for the efficacious drug

    Therapeutic options currently available for neonatal seizures are still unsatisfactory both in terms of efficacy and of risk for long-term neurotoxicity, even if there is growing recognition of their potential...

    Carlotta Spagnoli, Elena Pavlidis and Francesco Pisani

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:37

    Published on: 5 June 2013

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Società Italiana di Pediatria

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