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Allergology and Immunology

This section considers studies regarding the epidemiology, pathology, prevention, and control of allergic and immunologic diseases in children and adolescents.

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  1. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is involved in cellular immune responses against intracellular pathogens by promoting the generation of T naive in T helper 1 (Th1) cells and by increasing interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) p...

    Authors: Loredana Palamaro, Giuliana Giardino, Francesca Santamaria, Rosa Romano, Anna Fusco, Silvia Montella, Mariacarolina Salerno, Matilde Valeria Ursini and Claudio Pignata

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:46

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) is a distinct form of physical allergy. The development of anaphylaxis during exertion often requires the concomitant exposure to triggering factors such as intake of foods (...

    Authors: Carlotta Povesi Dascola and Carlo Caffarelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:43

    Content type: Review

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  3. Clustering of Autoimmune Diseases (CAD) is now emerging as a novel clinical entity within monogenic immune defects with a high familial occurrence. Aim of this study is to evaluate the regulatory mechanisms go...

    Authors: Loredana Palamaro, Giuliana Giardino, Francesca Santamaria, Ugo Ramenghi, Umberto Dianzani and Claudio Pignata

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:42

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  4. The most frequent symptoms among the manifestations of cow milk protein allergy (CMPA) are gastrointestinal. CMPA pathogenesis involves immunological mechanisms with participation of immunocompetent cells and ...

    Authors: Giovanna Vitaliti, Carla Cimino, Alfina Coco, Andrea Domenico Praticò and Elena Lionetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:35

    Content type: Review

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 39:82

  5. Asthma is the most common chronic disease in young children. About 40% of all preschool children regularly wheeze during common cold infections. The heterogeneity of wheezing phenotypes early in life and vario...

    Authors: Silvia Montella, Marco Maglione, Sara De Stefano, Angelo Manna, Angela Di Giorgio and Francesca Santamaria

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:29

    Content type: Review

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  6. Atopic eczema is a common and distressing disease. This study aims to review PubMed indexed research statistics on atopic eczema over a-10 year period to investigate the clinical relevance and research interes...

    Authors: Kam-Lun Ellis Hon, Vivien Yong and Ting-Fan Leung

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:26

    Content type: Review

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  7. The increasing prevalence of allergic diseases in childhood in the last decades could be linked to concomitant dietary changes, especially with the modified and lower consumption of fruit, vegetables and miner...

    Authors: Diego G. Peroni, Beatrice Bonomo, Serena Casarotto, Attilio L. Boner and Giorgio L. Piacentini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:22

    Content type: Review

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  8. An 8-year-old child during the first year of life manifested severe atopic dermatitis and chronic diarrhea with mucorrhea and rectal bleeding; a fish-free diet was started based on weakly positive skin-prick t...

    Authors: Katia Pellegrino, Leila Emma D’Urbano, Maria Cristina Artesani, Carla Riccardi, Sandro Mancini, Sergio Bella, Federico Alghisi and Giovanni Cavagni

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:16

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Severe combined immunodeficiency is within a heterogeneous group of inherited defects throughout the development of T- and/or B-lymphocytes. Mutations in recombinase-activating genes 1 or 2 (RAG1/2) represent ...

    Authors: Necil Kutukculer, Nesrin Gulez, Neslihan Edeer Karaca, Guzide Aksu and Afig Berdeli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:8

    Content type: Research

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  10. The impact of atopic dermatitis (AD) on children's quality of life (QoL) in US and European countries is relatively well known, though rarely evaluated in the Italian population. Moreover, the association betw...

    Authors: Fiorella Monti, Francesca Agostini, Francesca Gobbi, Erica Neri, Sandra Schianchi and Fabio Arcangeli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:59

    Content type: Research

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  11. Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is the most frequent food allergy in childhood; the trend of CMA is often characterized by a progressive improvement to achieve tolerance in the first 4 to 5 years of life.

    Authors: Federica Bellini, Giampaolo Ricci, Arianna Dondi, Valentina Piccinno, Federico Angelini and Andrea Pession

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:52

    Content type: Research

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  12. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a rare X-linked immunodeficiency disorder that is characterized by a variable clinical phenotype. Matched donor bone marrow transplantation is currently the only curative therapeuti...

    Authors: Kostas N Syrigos, Nektaria Makrilia, Jeffrey Neidhart, Michael Moutsos, Sotirios Tsimpoukis, Maria Kiagia and Muhammad W Saif

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:42

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Few data are available on the usefulness of short term treatment with low-medium dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in pre-school children with wheezing exacerbations.

    Authors: Alberto Papi, Gabriele Nicolini, Attilio L Boner, Eugenio Baraldi, Renato Cutrera, Leonardo M Fabbri and Giovanni A Rossi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:39

    Content type: Research

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  14. The prevalence of Paediatric HIV infection is largely unknown in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence, clinical pattern of HIV infection and outcome among ne...

    Authors: Babatunde O Ogunbosi, Regina E Oladokun, Biobele J Brown and Kikelomo I Osinusi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:29

    Content type: Research

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  15. Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for higher prevalence of asthma and asthma-related symptoms in children. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the prevalence of asth...

    Authors: Tahereh Ziaei Kajbaf, Shideh Asar and Mohammad Reza Alipoor

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:1

    Content type: Research

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  16. Human SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency) is a prenatal disorder of T lymphocyte development, that depends on the expression of numerous genes. The knowledge of the genetic basis of SCID is essential for d...

    Authors: Fausto Cossu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:76

    Content type: Review

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  17. Allergy places a considerable cost burden on society. Specific immunoglobulin E (spIgE) testing may improve the management of allergy patients. There is therefore a reason to quantify the economic consequences...

    Authors: Niklas Zethraeus, Carl Johan Petersson, Massimiliano Dozzi, Magnus P Borres, Giulio Vignati and Alessandro Fiocchi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:61

    Content type: Research

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  18. We report a case of a 15-year-old boy with autoimmune hepatitis lacking common serologic markers and normal gammaglobulinemia associated with immune thrombocytopenia and family history of psoriasis. He present...

    Authors: Henedina Antunes, Ruben Rocha, Nicole Silva, Teresa Pontes, Ana Antunes and Sofia Martins

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:42

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Burkitt's Lymphoma (BL) rarely represents the first clinical manifestation of vertical HIV infection in adolescent in Western Europe. We report the case of a 17 year-old boy with two week history of fever and ...

    Authors: Veronica Santilli, Nadia Mora, Angela Aquilani, Hyppolite K Tchidjou, Giuseppe Pontrelli, Rita De Vito, Alessandra Lombardi, Stefania Bernardi and Paolo Palma

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:34

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a complex multisystem disorder characterized by progressive neurological impairment, variable immunodeficiency and oculo-cutaneous telangiectasia. A-T is a member of chromosomal ...

    Authors: Laura Folgori, Alessia Scarselli, Giulia Angelino, Francesca Ferrari, Antonio Antoccia, Luciana Chessa and Andrea Finocchi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:29

    Content type: Case report

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  21. A joint study group on cow's milk allergy was convened by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Allergy and by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Gastroenterology to focus best practice ...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Francesco Baldi, Barbara Bendandi, Luigi Calzone, Miris Marani and Pamela Pasquinelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:5

    Content type: Review

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  22. Contact dermatitis in pediatric population is a common but (previously) under recognized disease. It is usually divided into the allergic and the irritant forms.

    Authors: Paolo Pigatto, Alberto Martelli, Chiara Marsili and Alessandro Fiocchi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:2

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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